14 tips to avoid pests and diseases in the garden
Find natural solutions, preventive or combative, to end diseases and pests
Many novice horts give up their home gardens when they have to face – and fight – the first pests, diseases or weeds that appear . But there are many ways to avoid them and to fight them, and the best, in a natural, healthy way, without having to give up farming or using agrochemicals.
GLOBO RURAL listed below some options to avoid and fight pests and diseases. Check it:
Put your hands on the ground.
By maintaining and inspecting the garden regularly, it is possible to identify diseases and pests before they are spread. It is important to be very careful and note if the plants are infected . If they are, isolate them so that the diseases or pests do not take the rest of the planting.
Take care of the soil
A soil bad prevents the plants withdraw it the nutrients necessary for their healthy growth and also helps to proliferate pests and diseases. It is important, in addition to watering , to fertilize the soil to keep it fertile, always covered with vegetation (dry leaves, grass) to maintain moisture.
Shower the vegetable garden in the morning
With the watery plants early in the morning, the excess water has to dry all day or be absorbed by the soil. It is also important to water only the soil, not the leaves, which are exposed to fungal damage if they become wet.
Diversify the plantation
Maintaining diversity is essential in a home garden. Since some pests prefer certain plants, if the crop is diversified, it is possible to avoid them from spreading throughout the plantation. In addition, some plants are inimical to pests that attack other species and vice versa.
Do not kill garden friends.
Some animals, such as bees , earthworms and ladybugs have extremely beneficial roles in a home garden and organic . It is important not to remove them from the bed.
Eliminate Weeds …
Remove the weeds as soon as you identify them. They are timely for the development of parasitic diseases that can ruin the entire home-grown plantation.
… But let the spontaneous plants
It is important to recognize what is born spontaneously, but which is not weed. Some non-harmful spontaneous plants can attract pests to themselves, preventing them from attacking the crop. Some plants are also edible and can become part of the garden.
With some scrap wood, you can build a simple and good construction, which prevents many terrestrial insects from invading the garden and destroy production .
Use natural pesticides
Natural pesticides are great options to control and eliminate parasites, preventing them from spreading to every garden. Basil , rosemary , garlic, and onions are good choices because they produce repulsive odors.
Plant attractive or repellent vegetables
Is there a spare space left in the garden? Repellent or attractive plants are good options. Natural repellents such as citronella , mint and chrysanthemum , away pests planting. Attractive plants, such as the nasturtium , may be useful for drawing the attention of pests and preventing them from attacking the crop.
Or plant attractive far from the garden
Do not have room to grow attractive plants in the garden? Plant them around the area you grow. Surrounding the garden with attractive plants, it prevents pests from invading the crop. But we must take care of this “defense system”, too. If the pests destroy these plants, they will leave for the attack on your garden.
A good way to improve soil quality, prevent pests and still prevent the growth of weeds is the distribution of straw by the surface. This maintains the temperature of the soil and retains moisture , or of dry leaves , which during its decomposition, form a layer of abundant organic matter that is incorporated to the earth.
Stickers can help
Adhesive traps are good options in places where pests circulate frequently and easily. Because they have different types and purposes, a professional must be consulted before they are installed in the garden.
Last resort: homemade insecticide
If the plant is infected and all other preventive or combative methods have failed, a homemade insecticide may help. Before applying it, it is important to test on some leaves, to make sure that the plants will not be burned or damaged. There are several types of homemade insecticides for various purposes. It is advisable to seek a professional who recommends the best to be applied.